Dentist Des Plaines, IL
Periodontal (gum) disease is the result of too much bacteria building up underneath the gums. Once they reach a certain level of maturity, they start spreading into the bone causing infection and bone loss.
Periodontal Disease and Systemic Diseases
Research has shown that periodontal disease is associated with several other diseases. For a long time it was thought that bacteria was the factor that linked periodontal disease to other disease in the body; however, more recent research demonstrates that inflammation may be responsible for the association. Therefore, treating inflammation may not only help manage periodontal diseases but may also help with the management of other chronic inflammatory conditions.
- Heart Disease
- Other Systemic Conditions
When the bacteria start to collect in your mouth, they can create a sticky, colorless substance known as “plaque.” Plaque builds up and sticks to your teeth. If it is not removed during brushing or flossing, the particle can harden and turn into tartar. Over time, plaque and tartar become more difficult to remove at home so a professional cleaning with our dentist is important for maintaining your oral health and preventing decay and periodontal disease.
The longer the plaque and tartar remain on the teeth, the more harm they can cause to your oral health by creating a perfect environment for harmful bacteria to grow and spread to your gums and bone causing infection. Eventually a mild form of gum disease called gingivitis develops, which is an inflammation of the gum tissue. Ideally, routine cleanings and proper oral care can prevent gingivitis from developing. Once gum disease is prevalent, we can help maintain the disease and prevent it from progressing.
In cases where gingivitis is not treated, it will advance to periodontal disease. Inflammation affects the soft tissue (gums) and bone, creating pockets between the tooth and the gum. If left untreated, the pockets become deep and will cause teeth to become loose and eventually fall out. Periodontal disease is number one reason for people to loose teeth.
A solution for controlling mild to moderate periodontal disease is a deep dental cleaning, which can be performed in our office. Scaling and root planing with dental anesthesia is performed. It involves removal of the dental tartar and plaque from the root surfaces, so the infection is removed from underneath the gums, they can heal and reattach to the tooth.
Periodontitis can often not be completely reversed, but with proper at-home care combined with in-office maintenance, we can help prevent the disease from progressing. It is important to regularly see us for a routine, professional cleaning and examination. Also, it is essential to keep up with your daily oral routine at home. Flossing is crucial to preventing periodontal disease.